Tense compare and contrast

Comparison of passe compose, imparfait, future simple and future anterieur, plus-que-parfait, present du conditionnel and passe du conditionnel.

A summary from Complete French Grammar : o

Passe compose:  “I had”

  • etre / avoir + past participle
  • avoir: j’ai / as / a / avons / avez / ont
    etre: suis / es / est / sommes / etes / sont
  • -er -> e / -ir -> i / -re -> re ; irregulars on pg 58/59
  • se + verb -> se + etre + verb
  • 6 verbs conjugate with either:
    sortir / rentre /monter / descendre / passer / retourner (pg. 63)

Imparfait: “I’ve had”

  • nous form on present – ons +  imparfait endings
  • use in conditions that portray a state of mind, being in the past/continuous, repeated and habitual action
  • imparfait endings: ais / ais / ait / ions / iez / aient

Future simple: “I will…”

  • infinitive(if -re, drop e) + ai / as / a / ons /ez / ont
  • some verbs have irregular stems
    aller -> ir ; avoir -> aur; etre -> ser
    asdf.png

Future anterieur: “I will have”

  • future tense of avoir(aur-) + past participle
    future tense of etre(ser-) + past participle
  • avoir: aurai / auras / aura / aurons / aurez / auront
  • etre: serai / seras / sera / serons / serez / seront

Plus-que parfait: “had done” past-past action, a prerequisite for another action 

  • imparfait of avoir + past participle
    imparfait of etre + past participle
  • avoir: avais / avais / avait / avions / aviez / avaient
  • etre: etais / etais / etait / etions / etiez / etaient

Present du conditionnel: I would

  • future stem (infinitive or irregular verbs) + imparfait endings(ai / as / a / ons /ez / ont)

Passe du conditionnel: I would have

  • avoir / etre (present du conditionnel) + past participle
  • avoir: aurais / aurais / aurait / aurions / auriez / auraient
  • etre: serais / serais / serait / serions / seriez / seraient
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